8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation

Chapter Notes and Summary
• Confronting refers to way in which groups and individuals challenge existing inequalities.
• government has translated rights into laws to protect groups from exploitation.
• government has also formulated policies to promote access of groups for development.
• In many cases, marginalised groups are deprived from Fundamental Rights. In this case, they forced government to enforce these laws.
• marginalised groups also influenced government to frame new laws. abolition of untouchability is one of such examples.
• Constitution always tries to ensure Social and Cultural Justice to marginalised groups. government has framed many schemes and policies for marginalised groups and made efforts to promote them.
• Reservation is one of them, which plays an important role in providing social justice to Dalits and Adivasis.
• For safeguards of Dalits, government has framed SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.
• 1989 Act also helps Adivasis to defend their right to occupy land that was traditionally belong to them.

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