8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Chapter Notes and Summary
• There are four key players in criminal justice system : Police, Public Prosecutor, Defence Lawyer and Judge.
• main role of police is to investigate a crime, when FIR, i.e. First Information Report is registered at a Police station.
• An investigation includes recording statement of witness and collecting different kinds of evidence.
• role of Public Prosecutor begins when police have filed charge sheet in court.
• Public Prosecutor conducts prosecution on behalf of State.
• Judge conducts trial impartially in an open court and on basis of evidence presented, he pronounces sentence.
• According to Indian Constitution every citizen, irrespective of class, caste, gender, religion and background must get a fair trial when accused.
• A boy under 15 years of age and women cannot be called to Police Station only for questioning.
• Indian Constitution guaranteed that every arrested person must be presented before a magistrate within 24 hours of arrest.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *