8 Civics Chapter 5 Judiciary

Chapter Notes and Summary
• In India, to enforce rule of law, we have a judicial system, which is an organ of state.
• judicial system plays an important role in functioning of Indian democracy.
• important functions of judicial system, i.e. judiciary are : Dispute Resolution, Judicial review, Upholding Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights.
• In India, no one can influence judicial process because Indian Constitution provides independence to judiciary.
• In India, there are three different levels of court, i.e. District Court, High Court and Supreme Court.
• law declared by Supreme Court is binding on all courts as it is highest level court in country.
• Supreme Court is headed by Chief Justice and 25 other Judges. They are appointed by President of India.
• In India, there are two branches of legal system, Civil Law and Criminal law.
• Civil Law deals with any harm or injury to rights of an individual.
• Criminal Law deals with conducts or acts that laws defines as offence.
• In India, everyone has a right to seek justice through courts.
• Supreme court has devised a mechanism called PIL, i.e. Public Interest Litigation, so that a poor person can easily get access to justice.

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