8 Civics Chapter 10 Law And Social Justice

Chapter Notes and Summary
• Enforcement of law is important to protect rights of minorities from majority. In order to ensure abolition of child labour, government has to regularly inspect factories and punish those who violate law.
• Many of these laws have their basis in Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Indian Constitution. For instance, Right against Exploitation : (i) According to this right, no one can be forced to work on low wages or under bondage. (ii) No child below age of 14 years shall be employed in shops, factories or mines.
• EPA (Environment Protection Act), 1986 came into force soon after Bhopal Gas Tragedy and is considered umbrella legislation as it filled many gaps in existing laws.
• Environment Protection Act authorizes central government to protect and improve environmental quality, and control and reduce pollution from all sources. It prohibits or restricts setting or operation of any industrial facility on environmental grounds.
• According to 2001 census, over 12 million children in India between age group of 5 and 14 worked in various occupations. In 2006, Government of India amended Child Labour Prevention Act.
• Minimum Wages Law deals with wages of workers, ensuring that they are not underpaid and this is updated every year.
• objective of Act is to ensure a minimum subsistence wage for workers. In September 2007, national minimum floor level wage was increased to ` 80 per day for all scheduled employments.
• There is also a law to protect interest of producers and consumers in market. So, laws are there to ensure relationship between worker, consumer and producer. They are governed in an un-exploitative manner.

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