7 History Chapter 7 Tribes Nomads And Settled Communities

Chapter Notes and Summary
• During period from eighth to eighteenth century, many social, political and economic changes took place.
• Many new communities like tribes, nomads and pastoral communities emerged.
• Many tribes lived in forests, hills, deserts and other places which were difficult to reach. They preserved their culture and heritage through oral tradition.
• Nomads moved from place to place with their animals. Most important of them were Banjaras who moved in Tanda.
• tribal societies underwent a change as a result of interaction with Hindu and Islamic societies.
Jatis replaced Varna system and new clans were added to Rajputs.
• Many of tribes emerged as politically powerful groups though their areas of influence and activities varied.
These included Gonds, Ahoms, Bhil, Kolis etc.

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