7 History Chapter 5 Rulers And Buildings

Chapter Notes and Summary
• In medieval period rulers built private and public buildings like fort, places, tombs, temples, mosques, tanks, etc.
• From twelfth century two technological and stylistic developments came to be noticed— (i) weight of super structure above doors and windows were sometimes carried by arches. This architectural form was known as ‘arcuate’. (ii) Lime stone cement was increasingly used in construction.
• Mughal adopted a new style of architecture, which is known as Trabeate or Corbelled.
• most notable buildings during Mughal period were built in Agra, Fatehpur Sikri and Delhi.
• Temples and Mosques were buit to demonstrate power, wealth and devotion at patron.
• Kings like Shri Vallabha, Sena II, Mahmud of Ghazni, Rajendra I, attacked temples to prove their power.
• most prolific builder amongst Mughals was Shah Jahan, who built a number of buildings including Red Fort and Jama Masjid in Delhi and Taj Mahal in Agra.
• They assimilated Indian style with Persian style of architecture.

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