7 Geography Chapter 7 Human Environment Settlement Transport And Communication

Chapter Notes and Summary
• A settlement is a place where people reside and carry out various activities.
• Earlier settlements were near river banks.
• Settlements are of two types namely, rural and urban.
Rural settlements can be compact or scattered.
Urban settlements are found in towns and cities.
• main modes of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways.
Roads can be metalled and unmetalled.
Railways are fastest means of land transport and can carry bulky materials over long distance.
Waterways are cheapest means of transportation for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances.
They are of two types namely, inland water ways and sea routes.
Airways are fastest and most expensive mode of transport.
• Process of conveying message to others is known as communication.
• Communication is of two types namely, personal and mass communication.

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