Q1. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (ii) (b) (b) (vi) (c) (c) (v) (d) (c) (iv)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. If A is asked to do something by B, B is responsible for the act, not A. 2. If A, while acting for B commits a wrong, A is responsible for the wrong, not B. 3. If A is authorized to do something for B, but in the name for A without disclosing B’s presence, both A and B may be held liable. Facts: Somu contracted with Amar where under Amar would buy a pumpset to be used in Somu’s farm such a pumpset was in short supply in the market. Gulab, a dealer, had such a pumpset and he refused to sell it to Amar. Amar threatened Gulab of serious consequences if he fails to part with the pumpset. Gulab filed a complaint against Amar. Proposed decision: (a) Amar alone is liable for the wrong through he acted for Somu. (b) Amar is not liable for the wrong. Through he is bound by the contract with Somu. (c) Somu is bound by the contract and liable for the wrong. (d) Both Somu and Amar are liable for the wrong. Suggested reasons: (i) Amar committed the wrong while acting for the benefit of Somu. (ii) Amar cannot do while acting for Somu something which he cannot do while acting for himself. (iii) Both Amar and Somu are liable since they are bound by the contract. (iv) Somu has to be responsible for the act of Amar committed for Somu’s benefit.

Q2. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (i) (b) (a) (ii) (c) (c) (iii) (d) (d) (iv)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. The owner of a land has absolute interest on the property including the contents over and under the property. 2. Water flowing below your land is not yours though you can use it. 3. Any construction on your land belongs to you. 4. All mineral resources below the land belongs to the state. Facts: There is a subterranean water flow under Suresh’s land surface. Suresh constructed a huge reservoir and drew all subterranean water to the reservoir. As a result, the wells of all adjacent property owners have gone dry. They demanded that either Suresh must demolish the reservoir or share the reservoir water with them. Proposed decision: (a) Suresh need not demolish the reservoir. (b) Suresh has to demolish the reservoir. (c) Suresh has to share the water with his neighbours. (d) The government can take over the reservoir. Possible reasons: (i) Water cannot be captured by one person for his personal use. (ii) The government must ensure equitable distribution of water. (iii) Whatever is under Suresh’s land may be used by him. (iv) Suresh has to respect the rights of others regarding water.

Q3. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (iii) (b) (b) (i) (c) (c) (iv) (d) (d) (ii)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. An employer shall be liable for the wrong committed by his employees in the course of employment. 2. Third parties must exercise reasonable care to find out whether a person is actually acting in the course of employment. Facts: Nandan was appointed by syndicate bank to collect small savings from its customers spread over in diff erent places on daily basis. Nagamma, a housemaid, was one of such customers making use of Nadan’s service. Syndicate bank after a couple of years terminated Nandan’s service. Nagamma, unaware of this fact, was handing over her savings to Nandan who misappropriated them. Nagamma realized this nearly after three months, when she went to the bank to withdraw money. She filed a complaint against the bank. Possible decisions:(a) Syndicate Bank shall be liable to compensate Nagamma. (b) Syndicate Bank not be liable to compensate Nagamma. (c) Nagamma ha to blame herself for her negligence. Possible reasons: (i) Nandan was not acting in the course of employment after the termination of his service. (ii) A person cannot blame others for his own negligence. (iii) Nagamma was entitled to be informed by the back about Nandan. (iv) The bank is entitled to expect its customers to know actual position.

Q4. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (b) (i) (b) (c) (ii) (c) (a) (iii) (d) (b) (iv)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. A master shall be liable for the fraudulent acts of his servants committed in the course of employment 2. Whether an acts is committed in the course of employment has to be judged in the context of the case. 3. Both master and third parties must exercise reasonable care in this regard. Facts: Rama Bhai was an uneducated widow and she opened a S.B. account with Syndicate Bank with the help of her nephew by name Keshav show was at that time working as a clerk in the bank, Keshav used to deposit the money of Rama Bhai from time to time and get the entries done in the passbook. After a years or so, Keshav was dismissed from the service by the bank. Being unaware of this fact. Rama Bhai continued to hand over her savings to him and Keshav misappropriated them. Rama Bhai realized this only when Keshav disappeared from the scene one day and she sought compensation from the bank. Possible decision: (a) Syndicate Bank shall be liable to compensate Rama Bhai (b) Syndicate Bank shall not be liable to compensate Rama Bhai (c) Rama Bhai cannot blame others for her negligence. Possible reasons: (i) Keshav was not an employee of the Bank when the fraud was committed. (ii) The Bank was not aware of the special arrangement between Rama Bhai and Keshav. (iii) It is the Bank’s duty to take care of vulnerable customers. (iv) Rama Bhai should have checked about Keshav in he own interest.

Q5. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (iii) (b) (c) (iv) (c) (b) (ii) (d) (b) (i)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. A person is liable for negligence, if he fails to take care of his neighbour’s interest 2. A neighbour is anyone whose interests should have been foreseeable by a reasonable man while carrying on his activities. Facts: A cricket match was going on in a closed door stadium. A cricket fan who could not get in to the stadium was watching the game by climbing up a nearby tree and sitting there. The cricket ball in the course of the game went out of the stadium and hit this person and injured him. He filed a suit against the organizers. Possible decisions:(a) The organizers are liable to compensate the injured person. (b) The organizers are not liable to compensate the injured person. (c) The injured person should have avoided the place where he might be hit by the cricket ball. Possible reasons: (i) The organizers are responsible for the people inside the stadium. (ii) The organizers could not have foreseen somebody watching the game by climbing up a tree. (iii) A person crazy about something must pay the price for that. (iv) The organizers shall be liable to everybody likely to watch the game.

Q6. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (iv) (b) (a) (iii) (c) (b) (ii) (d) (c) (i)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principles: 1. When a person unlawfully interferes in the chattel of another person by which the latter is deprived of its use, the former commits the tort of conversion. 2. Nobody shall himself at other’s expense. Facts: A patient suff ering from stomach ailment approached a teaching hospital. He was diagnosed as suff ering from a appendicitis and his appendix was removed. He become alright. The hospital however found some unique cells in the appendix and using the cell lines thereof, it developed drugs of enormous commercial value. When the erstwhile patient came to know about it, he claimed a share in the profit made by the hospital. Possible decisions:(a) The hospital need not share its profits with the patient (b) The hospital may share its profits on ex gratia basis. (c) The hospital shall share its profits with the patient. Possible reasons: (i) The patient, far from being deprived of the use of his appendix, actually benefited by its removal. (ii) The hospital instead of throwing away the appendix conducted further research on it on its own and the development of drug was the result of its own eff ort. (iii) The hospital could not have achieved its success without that appendix belonging to the patient. (iv) Everybody must care for and share with others.

Q7. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (i) (b) (a) (ii) (c) (c) (iii) (d) (c) (iv)
Instructions: Each question contains some basic principle and fact situation in which these basic principles have to be applied. A list of probable decision and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason. Principle: 1. Copying including attempt to copy in examinations is a serious off ence. 2. One shall not take any unauthorized materials into the examinations hall. Facts: Rohini, an examinee in PUC, was thoroughly checked while entering into the examination hall. She did not have anything other than authorized materials such as pen, instrument box, etc., with her. As she was writing he paper an invigilator found close to her feet a bunch of chits. The invigilator on scrutiny found that the chits contained answers to the paper being written by Rohini. Rohini’s answers tallied with the answers in the chits. A charge of copying was leveled against Rohini. Probable decisions: (a) Rohini shall be punished for copying. (b) Rohini cannot be punished for copying. Probable reasons (i) Something lying near the feet does not mean that the person is in possession of that thing. (ii) The fact that she was checked thoroughly while getting into the hall must be conclusive. (iii) Similarities between her answers and the answers in the chit indicate that she used those chits. (iv) After using those chits, she must have failed to dispose of them properly.

Q8. Your decision with the reason:
(a) (a) (iii) (b) (a) (iv) (c) (b) (iii) (d) (b) (i)

Q9.
All contracts are agreements all agreements are accepted offers. Which of the following derivation is correct?
(a) All accepted off ers are contracts.
(b) All agreements are contracts.
(c) All contracts are accepted off ers.
(d) None of the above.

Q10.
No minor can enter into a contract of work. Working in a shop can be done only by a contract. Which of the following derivation is correct?
(a) A minor cannot work in a shop.
(b) A shop cannot work in a shop.
(c) There cannot be a contract to which minor is a party.
(d) None of the above.

Q11.
All motor vehicle are required to have third party insurance. Any vehicle not using mechanical device is not a motor vehicle. Which of the following if correct derivation from the above?
(a) All third party insurances relate to motor vehicles.
(b) Vehicles not using mechanical device need not have third party insurance.
(c) All vehicles must have third party insurance.
(d) None of the above.

Q12.
A contract contravening public policy is void. There cannot be a genera definition of public policy. Which of the following is correct derivation for the above?
(a) There cannot be a general definition of contract.
(b) Since public Policy is uncertain, contract is also uncertain.
(c) The impact of Public Policy on contract is to be judged in individual cases.
(d) None of the above

Q13.
International Law is the law between sovereign state. A sovereign is the supreme authority not bound by legal constraints. Which of the following is correct derivation from the above?
(a) International law is not law binding on the sovereign states.
(b) International law is only a positive morality.
(c) International law is in the nature of pact between sovereign states.
(d) None of the above.

Q14. Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as PRINCIPLE and other as FACT. You are to examine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.
Principle:
 Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent moves that property, such taking is said to commit theft.
Fact:
 RAMU cuts down a tree on RINKU’S ground, with the intention of dishonestly taking the tree out of RINKU’S possession without RINKU’S consent. A could not take the tree away.
(a) RAMU can be prosecuted for theft.
(b) RAMU cannot be prosecuted for theft
(c) RAMU can be prosecuted for attempt to theft
(d) RAMU has neither committed theft nor attempt to commit theft.

Q15. Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as PRINCIPLE and other as FACT. You are to examine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.
Principle:
 injuria sine damnum, i.e., injury without damage.
Fact:
 SONU, who was a returning officer at a polling booth, wrongly refused to register a duly tendered vote of MONU, though he was a qualified voter. The candidate, whom MONU sought to vote, was declared elected.
(a) MONU can sue SONU on the ground that he was denied to cast vote, which is fundamental right.
(b) MONU can sue SONU on the ground that he was denied to cast vote, which is a legal right.
(c) MONU cannot sue SONU because there is no injury or damage cause to MONU.
(d) MONU cannot sue SONU because to whom he sought to vote was declared elected.
 1. (c) 2. (b) 3. (d) 4. (c) 5. (c) 6. (c) 7. (a) 8. (d) 9. (c) 10. (c) 11. (b) 12. (c) 13. (c) 14. (a) 15. (b)

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