Q1. Directions: Please select the most appropriate option, out of the five options given for each of the following sentences, which, in your view, should be grammatically and structurally correct. Please note that the meaning & context of the sentence must not change.
(A)
Opposition parties, especially the Republican People’s Party (CHP) , which is the oldest political organisation in Turkey and currently the second largest after AKP, and the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) , have vehemently opposed the bill accusing the ruling AKP of pushing for a one-man rule
(B) Opposition parties, especially the Republican People’s Party (CHP) , which is the older political organisation in Turkey and currently the second large after AKP, and the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) , have vehemently opposed the bill accusing the ruling AKP of pushing for a one-man rule
(C) Opposition parties, especially the Republican People’s Party (CHP) , which is the older political organisation in Turkey and currently the second largest after AKP, and the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) , had been vehemently opposed the bill accusing the ruling AKP of pushing for a one-man rule
(D) Opposition parties, especially the Republican People’s Party (CHP) , which is the oldest political organisation in Turkey and currently the second largest after AKP, and the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) , had been vehemently opposed the bill accusing the ruling AKP of push after a one-man rule
(E) None of these

Q2.
Directions: Please select the most appropriate option, out of the five options given for each of the following sentences, which, in your view, should be grammatically and structurally correct. Please note that the meaning & context of the sentence must not change.

(A) With many pro-Kurdish opposition leaders and journalists, academics and intellectuals being fired, analysts have argued that the coup has provided a license for Erdoğan to target his opponents, from their jobs or forced to leave the country
(B) Analysts have argued that the coup has provided a license for Erdoğan to target his opponents, with many pro-Kurdish opposition leaders and journalists, academics and intellectuals being fired from their jobs or forced to leave the country
(C) With many pro-Kurdish opposition leaders and journalists, academics and intellectuals being fired, analysts have argued that the coup has provided a license for Erdoğan to target their opponents, from their jobs or forced to leave the country
(D) Analysts had been arguing that the coup has provided a license for Erdoğan to target his opponents, with many pro-Kurdish opposition leaders and journalists, academics and intellectuals being fired from their jobs or are force to leave the country
(E) None of these

Q3.
Directions: Please select the most appropriate option, out of the five options given for each of the following sentences, which, in your view, should be grammatically and structurally correct. Please note that the meaning & context of the sentence must not change.

(A) The purge in the military, civil services and judiciary and along with in universities had been continued in the name of action against supporters and sympathisers of the Gulenist movement that has been accused of plotting the coup
(B) The purge in the military, civil services and judiciary and along with in universities had been continued in the name of action against supporters and sympathisers of the Gulenist movement that are accused of plot the coup
(C) The purge in the military, civil services and judiciary and even in universities has continued in the name of action against supporters and sympathisers of the Gulenist movement that has been accused of plotting the coup
(D) The purge in the military, civil services and judiciary and even in universities has continued in the name of action against supporters and sympathisers of the Gulenist movement that are accused of plot the coup
(E) None of these

Q4.
Directions: Please select the most appropriate option, out of the five options given for each of the following sentences, which, in your view, should be grammatically and structurally correct. Please note that the meaning & context of the sentence must not change.

(A) Erdoğan’s increasingly authority behaviour and the fact that the new system places extraordinary powers in the president, which cause appointments of constitutional and administrative functionaries, raise serious doubts about Turkey’s slide into an autocracy
(B) Turkey’s slide into an autocracy and Erdoğan’s increasingly authority behaviour and the fact that the new system places extraordinary powers in the president, which cause appointments of constitutional and administrative functionaries, raise serious doubts.
(C) Turkey’s slide into an autocracy and Erdoğan’s increasingly authority behaviour and the fact that the new system places extraordinary powers in the president, especially in appointments of constitutional and administrative functionaries, raise serious doubts about Turkey’s slide into an autocrat.
(D) Erdoğan’s increasingly authoritarian behaviour and the fact that the new system places extraordinary powers in the president, especially in appointments of constitutional and administrative functionaries, raise serious doubts about Turkey’s slide into an autocracy
(E) None of these

Q5.
Directions: Please select the most appropriate option, out of the five options given for each of the following sentences, which, in your view, should be grammatically and structurally correct. Please note that the meaning & context of the sentence must not change.

(A) President Trump has issued an executive order directing all executive branches to identify all bilateral and multilateral development aid, economic assistance, humanitarian aid and military aid to Mexico over the past five years
(B) President Trump has been issued an executive order directing all executive branches to identify all bilateral and multilateral development aid, economic assistance, humanitarian aid and military aid to Mexico over the past five years
(C) President Trump has been issued an executive order directing all executive branches to alter all bilateral and multilateral development aid, economic assistance, humanitarian aid and military aid to Mexico within the present five years
(D) President Trump has issued an executive order directing all executive branches to alter all bilateral and multilateral development aid, economic assistance, humanitarian aid and military aid to Mexico within the present five years.
(E) None of these

Q6.
Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage

(a) Status refers to the relative social position given to group members by others.
(b) Cohesiveness refers to togetherness, binding, or mutual attraction among group members.
(c) As the group becomes more cohesive, group members start to think, feel and act as a social unit, and less like isolated individuals.
(d) Members of a highly cohesive group have a greater desire to remain in the group in comparison to those who belong to low cohesive groups.
(e) Cohesiveness refers to the team spirit or ‘we feeling’ or a sense of belongingness to the group.

(A) (a)
(B) (b)
(C) (c)
(D) (d)
(E) (e)

Q7.
Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage

(a) We can see that there are some similarities between conformity, compliance, and obedience, but there are also some differences.
(b) Behaving in a way that differs from the expected form of behaviour may lead to disapproval or dislike by others, which is a form of social punishment.
(c) All three indicate the influence of others on an individual’s behaviour.
(d) Obedience is the most direct and explicit form of social influence, whereas compliance is less direct than obedience because someone has requested and thus you comply (here, the probability of refusal is there) .
(e) Conformity is the most indirect form (you are conforming because you do not want to deviate from the norm) .

(A) (a)
(B) (b)
(C) (c)
(D) (d)
(E) (e)

Q8.
Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage

(a) Caste may be a prominent and distinguishing factor for ‘easy determination of backwardness’, but the judgment observes that the Supreme Court “has been discouraging the identification of a group as backward solely on the basis of caste” and calls for “new practices, methods and yardsticks” to be continuously evolved.
(b) What’s interesting is the observation that class may be “an identifiable section of society”. It may be both homogenous (a caste group) or heterogeneous (transgenders) .
(c) The use of caste as its definitive yardstick is premised on an understanding that requires the state to redress historical injustice against a social group by offering material entitlements: education and employment in public institutions
(d) In this context, the judgment refers to the identification of the third gender by an earlier decision of the Supreme Court as a “pathfinder”.
(e) The practice of identifying caste as a definitive marker of social backwardness is here understood as premised on seeking to help citizens recover ‘lost grounds’ on account of ‘historical prejudice’.

(A) (a)
(B) (b)
(C) (c)
(D) (d)
(E) (e)

Q9.
Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage

(a) For businesses this new state of mind has put nearly every industry in a corner, vulnerable to what Accenture calls “Big Bang Disruption”.
(b) In a Big Bang disruption, innovation translates to the creation of new product lines that impact markets overnight.
(c) Typically the disrupters are from outside the industry.
(d) Bancassurance banks can only pair up with one principal each for life, non-life, and standalone health, which means insurers that entered the India market late to the game didn’t have access to the banks that already had partnerships.
(e) The industries most at risk to these disruptions are those that sell information-based services that can be delivered digitally.

(A) (a)
(B) (b)
(C) (c)
(D) (d)
(E) (e)

Q10.
Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage

(a) The first issue is  lack of sufficient spectrum.
(b) Compared to most other countries, India has made only about half the spectrum available for commercial use.
(c) And that needs to be shared by more than double the number of operators.
(d) Most countries have maximum 3 to 4 operators; India has gone up to 12 a few years ago and seems to be settling for 9 now.
(e) The mobile telecoms infrastructure is today probably the most reliable and always available infrastructure in India.

(A) (a)
(B) (b)
(C) (c)
(D) (d)
(E) (e)
ANSWERS :
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A       2 B       3 C       4 D       5 A       6 a       7 b       8 c       9 d       10 e