Directions: In  the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. against each number, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. find out the appropriate word in each case.

Marine life (___51___) along the coast and in the ocean results from harmful fishing practices such as trawling or dynamite fishing poor land practices in agricultural, (___52___) development and forestry sectors and the human activities such as mining and anchoring. Destroyed habitats include sea grasses, marshes, corals and man, groves  all of which are important nurseries for fish and critical for buffering coasts from storm damage. Damaging habitat can lead to increased (___53___) and sedimentation, increased impact from storms, fewer (___54___) grounds and fewer places for animals and plants to live. Destructive fishing, land based sedimentation, dredging, marine recreation, typhoons and storms, poor agricultural practices, and coastal development and land (___55___) Increasingly (___56___) and devastate productive marine habitats. One major ecological impact derives from increased sediment loads in coastal waters from activities such as logging. Sedimentation, which produces turbidity and limits the (___57___) of sunlight (___58___) primary and secondary producers thus altering food web dynamics. The smothering of coral reefs by sediment also (___59___) fish and produces ecosystem changes. Chemicals in sediments, such as DDT or heavy metals, may bio accumulate in marine life as well. Oil spilling is also major problem for the destruction of the (___60___) life.

Q1.

51.

(a) destruction

(b)construction

(c)obstruction

(d)description

(e)evolution

Q2.

52.

(a) coast

(b) coastal

(c)coasting

(d) bank

(e)edge

Q3.

53.

(a) Igneous

(b) deposit

(c)erosion

(d) metamorphic

(e) deposition

Q4.

54.

(a) nursing

(b) hospitability

(c)nourishing

(d)nursery

(e)helpful

Q5.

55.

(a) reclamation

(b)accumulate

(c)accommodation

(d)deserting

(e)habitat

Q6.

56.

(a) add

(b) impair

(c)sound

(d) destructive

(e)construct

Q7.

57.

(a) penetrate

(b) filter

(c)obstruction

(d)passing

(e) penetration

Q8.

58.

(a) effects

(b) affects

(c)endangers

(d)facilitates

(e)reduces

Q9.

59.

(a) Increases

(b) negates

(c)reduces

(d) produces

(e)reduced

Q10.

60.

(a) coasted

(b) ocean

(c)marine

(d) land

(e) forest

ANSWERS :

            1 a       2 b       3 c       4 d       5 a       6 b       7 e       8 b       9 c       10 c