Directions: In  the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. against each number, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. find out the appropriate word in each case.

Around the world, forests are being (___136___) at a rate of about thirteen million hectares a year and deforestation accounts for an estimated 17%,  20% of all global emissions. In addition, forests and other terrestrial carbon sinks play a (___137___) role in preventing runaway climate change, soaking up a full 2.6Gt of atmospheric carbon every year. The destruction of forests, therefore, not only emits carbon a staggering 1.6Gt a year, which severely (___138___) forests capacity to absorb emissions from other sources  but also drastically (___139___) the amount of forested land available to act as a carbon sink in the future. However, the effects of deforestation extend beyond carbon. Rainforests (___140___) a wide variety of ecosystems services, from regulating rainfall to purifying ground water and keeping fertile soil from (___141___) deforestation in one area can seriously damage food production and (___142___) to clean water in an entire region. The value of global ecosystem services has been estimated at ___33___ trillion USD each year (almost half of global GDP), but these services have been taken for granted without a mechanism to make the market reflect their value. Rainforests are also a home and (___143___) of income for a huge number of people in Africa, Asia, and South America. (___144___) this, economic pressures frequently drive both local communities and national governments in the developing world to (___145___) these forests in ways that are unsustainable, clear-cutting vast areas for fuel, timber, mining, or agricultural land.

Q1.

136.

(a) ended

(b) destroyed

(c) extinct

(d) killed

(e) wasted

Q2.

137.

(a) tough

(b) important

(c) vital

(d) biggest

(e) effective

Q3.

138.

(a) affect

(b) diminish

(c) increases

(d) alternates

(e) impairs

Q4.

139.

(a) plagues

(b) develops

(c) reduces

(d) shortens

(e) influences

Q5.

140.

(a) sell

(b)offers

(c)give

(d)provide

(e) earns

Q6.

141.

(a) transforming

(b)decoding

(c) erupting

(d)draining

(e) eroding

Q7.

142.

(a) handiness

(b) excess

(c)availability

(d) access

(e)supply

Q8.

143.

(a) beginning

(b) source

(c) ways

(d) reference

(e) measure

Q9.

144.

(a) Despite

(b) Also

(c)Inspite

(d) Apart

(e) Beside

Q10.

145

(a) exploit

(b) encompass 

(c) nurture

(d) work

(e) Improve

ANSWERS :

            1 b       2 c       3 e       4 a       5 d       6 e       7 d       8 b       9 a       10 a